Child labor was a significant problem, particularly in the large informal sector, including agriculture, domestic service, portering, rag picking, transportation, and rock breaking. The incidence of child marriage did not significantly increase during the year. The government has in place ad hoc administrative directives that provide some protection for Bhutanese and Tibetan refugees. Tibetan refugees had no entitlement to obtain access to higher education, business ownership or licenses, or legal transactions, including documentation of births, marriages, and deaths, although bribery often made these possible. Children found within the borders of the country without parental identity are considered citizens on the basis of lineage until the parents of the child are identified see section 2.
A reliable study published in March found that suicide was the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age between the ages of 15 to 49. The agency continued to expand allowing offices to open in Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. Traditional beliefs about witchcraft negatively affected elderly rural women and widows. Police arrested three persons, including the faith healers, in connection with the killing. Bonded labor remained a problem primarily in the agricultural sector as well as the small formal sector, which included brick and kiln works and food services, such as tea shops and restaurants.
Most political parties had women's groups that advocated for women's rights and brought women's issues before the party leadership. He remained in detention awaiting trial at year's end. Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons, Protection of Refugees, and Stateless Persons The law provides for freedom of movement except for most refugees, whose freedom of movement within the country is legally limited. Hundreds of independent vernacular and English-language newspapers were available, representing various political viewpoints. The country limited freedom of assembly for the Tibetan community. In April 2009 Bishnu Bhatta of Daiji Champapur was arrested for severely beating his daughter-in-law, Laxmi Devi Bhatta, for not providing sufficient dowry.
The law calls for a 48-hour workweek, with one day off per week and one-half hour of rest per eight hours worked, and limits overtime to 20 hours per week with a 50 percent overtime premium per hour. Large crowds clashed with police after hearing the news of the rape, and more than 280 persons were injured see section 2. Police were unable fully to promote law and order. The law prohibits marriage for girls before the age of 18; however, families in many parts of the country sometimes forced their young children to marry. These refugees did not have legal access to education or the right to work. On March 1, Arun Singhaniya, the chairperson of Janakpur Today Publications, was shot and killed in Janakpur, Dhanusha District.
Human rights organizations repeatedly called on the government to investigate the human rights violations at Maharajgunj barracks, including the responsibility of those within the chain of command. Police directives instruct all officers to treat domestic violence as a criminal offense, but the directives were difficult to enforce because of entrenched discriminatory attitudes among police. On July 6, police set up checkpoints at different locations, stopping members of the Tibetan community and other vehicles heading toward the birthday celebrations of the Dalai Lama in Kathmandu. Societal discrimination against women, persons of lower castes, some ethnic groups, and persons with disabilities remained a problem. Radio remained the primary source of information, with more than 150 independent radio stations reaching more than 90 percent of the population. Increasingly, banks have had to raise non-deposit funds.
The risk of being associated with being a creditor of these concerns would be low and they would be classified as an ordinary trade risk. By 1849, Tappan retired, allowing Benjamin Douglass to take over the booming business. All the cases were forwarded to the district attorneys' offices for evaluation of the individual cases' merits and were pending at year's end. Children living without parents, such as street children whose parents' whereabouts are not known, faced many hurdles, although children in institutional care can attain citizenship with the guardianship of their respective institutions. The three largest trade unions were affiliated with political parties. Time served is credited to a prisoner's sentence. The Home Ministry's efforts to block Internet sites considered obscene were met with mixed reactions from the public and raised concerns about freedom of expression among some members of the press and free speech advocates see Internet Freedom.
After the People's Republic of China heightened security along its border and increased restrictions on internal freedom of movement in 2008, the number of Tibetans who transited the country dropped significantly. Numerous armed groups, many ethnically based, clashed with each other and with the local population. There is only one functional government-run juvenile reform home, Sano Thimi in Bhaktapur. The central bank is resolute that small and medium-sized businesses must have continued access to new credit. Most abductions were for ransom and occurred in the Terai, where armed groups operated with relative impunity.
However, the government permitted the waiver of the fines in a few instances in which there were compelling humanitarian concerns. Analysts suggested that family issues, including domestic mental and physical abuse, were key factors in the high suicide rate among women. Some foreigners, including refugees, reported difficulty in obtaining bail. We will be open 8 am — 4 pm, March 18-22. Two armed groups--the Terai Janatantrik Party Madesh and the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha--claimed responsibility for the killing.
The Foreign Employment Act requires a woman to get permission from the government and her guardian before seeking work through a foreign employment agency. Foreign print media were present, and reporting on the country was allowed without restrictions. Military courts adjudicate cases concerning military personnel under the military code, which provides military personnel the same basic rights as civilians. Killings On June 26, Kashinath Tiwari, the chairman of Hindu Yuva Sangh, was killed in Birgunj. If authorities deny individuals access to information, officials must provide a valid explanation. Since reaching a yearly-high in August, inflation has subsided.